The *box puzzle* is a generic name for a puzzle that involves moving blocks, boxes, rocks, or the like to achieve a goal. It has been present in games on almost every system and in multiple genres. Oftentimes, solving a block puzzle is crucial to completing the game, case-in-point Resident Evil.
The odd thing about block puzzles is that regardless of the contents and make of the block, it can hide the player completely. The block is usually easy to move, and can sometimes be mounted or hid under (see Metal Gear Solid).
The player must move a box to a certain position (e.g., in front of a laser) to create a barrier between themself and the puzzle factor. An example of this is moving a boulder to block the line of sight of the arrow shooting masks in Yobi's Basic Spelling Tricks. In Alone in the Dark, a bookshelf may also be used to block a window, and a chest to block a hatch, preventing enemies from spawning.
The player must move a box to a certain position in order to mount it and reach an object or another position. This is the primary use of boxes in Capcom's Biohazard series. Sometimes using a box in said situation is unnecessary in the real world (why not just climb up?), but the box is used as a subconcious homage to Sokoban.